Human Carbonic Anhydrase II complexed with Cryptophane biosensor and xenon
[CAH2_HUMAN] Defects in CA2 are the cause of osteopetrosis autosomal recessive type 3 (OPTB3) [MIM:259730]; also known as osteopetrosis with renal tubular acidosis, carbonic anhydrase II deficiency syndrome, Guibaud-Vainsel syndrome or marble brain disease. Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by abnormally dense bone, due to defective resorption of immature bone. The disorder occurs in two forms: a severe autosomal recessive form occurring in utero, infancy, or childhood, and a benign autosomal dominant form occurring in adolescence or adulthood. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is usually associated with normal or elevated amount of non-functional osteoclasts. OPTB3 is associated with renal tubular acidosis, cerebral calcification (marble brain disease) and in some cases with mental retardation.    
[CAH2_HUMAN] Essential for bone resorption and osteoclast differentiation (By similarity). Reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. Can hydrate cyanamide to urea. Involved in the regulation of fluid secretion into the anterior chamber of the eye. 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Cryptophanes represent an exciting class of xenon-encapsulating molecules that can be exploited as probes for nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. The 1.70 A resolution crystal structure of a cryptophane-derivatized benezenesulfonamide complexed with human carbonic anhydrase II shows how an encapsulated xenon atom can be directed to a specific biological target. The crystal structure confirms binding measurements indicating that the cryptophane cage does not strongly interact with the surface of the protein, which may enhance the sensitivity of 129Xe NMR spectroscopic measurements in solution.
Structure of a 129Xe-cryptophane biosensor complexed with human carbonic anhydrase II.,Aaron JA, Chambers JM, Jude KM, Di Costanzo L, Dmochowski IJ, Christianson DW J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Jun 4;130(22):6942-3. Epub 2008 May 8. PMID:18461940
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.