Structural studies of protein tyrosine phosphatase beta catalytic domain co-crystallized with a sulfamic acid inhibitor
[PTPRB_HUMAN] Plays an important role in blood vessel remodeling and angiogenesis. Not necessary for the initial formation of blood vessels, but is essential for their maintenance and remodeling. Can induce dephosphorylation of TEK/TIE2, CDH5/VE-cadherin and KDR/VEGFR-2. Regulates angiopoietin-TIE2 signaling in endothelial cells. Acts as a negative regulator of TIE2, and controls TIE2 driven endothelial cell proliferation, which in turn affects blood vessel remodeling during embryonic development and determines blood vessel size during perinatal growth. Essential for the maintenance of endothelial cell contact integrity and for the adhesive function of VE-cadherin in endothelial cells and this requires the presence of plakoglobin (By similarity). 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play roles in many biological processes and are considered to be important targets for drug discovery. As inhibitor development has proven challenging, crystal structure-based design will be very helpful to advance inhibitor potency and selectivity. Successful application of protein crystallography to drug discovery heavily relies on high-quality crystal structures of the protein of interest complexed with pharmaceutically interesting ligands. It is very important to be able to produce protein-ligand crystals rapidly and reproducibly for as many ligands as necessary. This study details our efforts to engineer the catalytic domain of human protein tyrosine phosphatase beta (HPTPbeta-CD) with properties suitable for rapid-turnaround crystallography. Structures of apo HPTPbeta-CD and its complexes with several novel small-molecule inhibitors are presented here for the first time.
Engineering the catalytic domain of human protein tyrosine phosphatase beta for structure-based drug discovery.,Evdokimov AG, Pokross M, Walter R, Mekel M, Cox B, Li C, Bechard R, Genbauffe F, Andrews R, Diven C, Howard B, Rastogi V, Gray J, Maier M, Peters KG Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2006 Dec;62(Pt 12):1435-45. Epub 2006, Nov 23. PMID:17139078
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.