HLA-B*4405 complexed to the dominant self ligand EEFGRAYGF
[B2MG_HUMAN] Defects in B2M are the cause of hypercatabolic hypoproteinemia (HYCATHYP) [MIM:241600]. Affected individuals show marked reduction in serum concentrations of immunoglobulin and albumin, probably due to rapid degradation. Note=Beta-2-microglobulin may adopt the fibrillar configuration of amyloid in certain pathologic states. The capacity to assemble into amyloid fibrils is concentration dependent. Persistently high beta(2)-microglobulin serum levels lead to amyloidosis in patients on long-term hemodialysis.            
[1B44_HUMAN] Involved in the presentation of foreign antigens to the immune system. [B2MG_HUMAN] Component of the class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Involved in the presentation of peptide antigens to the immune system.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
HLA class I polymorphism creates diversity in epitope specificity and T cell repertoire. We show that HLA polymorphism also controls the choice of Ag presentation pathway. A single amino acid polymorphism that distinguishes HLA-B*4402 (Asp116) from B*4405 (Tyr116) permits B*4405 to constitutively acquire peptides without any detectable incorporation into the transporter associated with Ag presentation (TAP)-associated peptide loading complex even under conditions of extreme peptide starvation. This mode of peptide capture is less susceptible to viral interference than the conventional loading pathway used by HLA-B*4402 that involves assembly of class I molecules within the peptide loading complex. Thus, B*4402 and B*4405 are at opposite extremes of a natural spectrum in HLA class I dependence on the PLC for Ag presentation. These findings unveil a new layer of MHC polymorphism that affects the generic pathway of Ag loading, revealing an unsuspected evolutionary trade-off in selection for optimal HLA class I loading versus effective pathogen evasion.
Natural HLA class I polymorphism controls the pathway of antigen presentation and susceptibility to viral evasion.,Zernich D, Purcell AW, Macdonald WA, Kjer-Nielsen L, Ely LK, Laham N, Crockford T, Mifsud NA, Bharadwaj M, Chang L, Tait BD, Holdsworth R, Brooks AG, Bottomley SP, Beddoe T, Peh CA, Rossjohn J, McCluskey J J Exp Med. 2004 Jul 5;200(1):13-24. Epub 2004 Jun 28. PMID:15226359
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.