1nwd

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1nwd, 20 NMR models ()
Ligands:
Gene: (CALM1 OR CAM1 OR CALM OR CAM) AND (CALM2 OR CAM2 OR CAMB) AND (CALM3 OR CAM3 OR CAMC) (Xenopus laevis), GAD (Petunia x hybrida)
Activity: Glutamate decarboxylase, with EC number 4.1.1.15
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, PDBsum, RCSB
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml



Contents

Solution Structure of Ca2+/Calmodulin bound to the C-terminal Domain of Petunia Glutamate Decarboxylase

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Activation of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) by calcium-bound calmodulin (CaM) is required for normal plant growth through regulation of gamma-aminobutyrate and glutamate metabolism. The interaction of CaM with the C-terminal domain of GAD is believed to induce dimerization of the enzyme, an event implicated for Ca(2+)-dependent enzyme activation. Here, we present the solution structure of CaM in complex with a dimer of peptides derived from the C-terminus of Petunia hybrida GAD. The 23 kDa ternary complex is pseudo-symmetrical with each domain of CaM bound to one of the two antiparallel GAD peptides, which form an X-shape with an interhelical angle of 60 degrees. To accommodate the dimeric helical GAD target, the two domains of CaM adopt an orientation markedly different from that seen in other CaM-target complexes. Although the dimeric GAD domain is much larger than previously studied CaM-binding peptides, the two CaM domains appear closer together and make a number of interdomain contacts not observed in earlier complexes. The present structure of a single CaM molecule interacting with two target peptides provides new evidence for the conformational flexibility of CaM as well as a structural basis for the ability of CaM to activate two enzyme molecules simultaneously.

Structural basis for simultaneous binding of two carboxy-terminal peptides of plant glutamate decarboxylase to calmodulin., Yap KL, Yuan T, Mal TK, Vogel HJ, Ikura M, J Mol Biol. 2003 Apr 18;328(1):193-204. PMID:12684008

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

About this Structure

1nwd is a 3 chain structure with sequence from Petunia x hybrida and Xenopus laevis. Full experimental information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Yap KL, Yuan T, Mal TK, Vogel HJ, Ikura M. Structural basis for simultaneous binding of two carboxy-terminal peptides of plant glutamate decarboxylase to calmodulin. J Mol Biol. 2003 Apr 18;328(1):193-204. PMID:12684008

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