1fv1

From Proteopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
1fv1, resolution 1.90Å ()
Ligands: ,
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

STRUCTURAL BASIS FOR THE BINDING OF AN IMMUNODOMINANT PEPTIDE FROM MYELIN BASIC PROTEIN IN DIFFERENT REGISTERS BY TWO HLA-DR2 ALLELES

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with certain MHC class II haplotypes, in particular HLA-DR2. Two DR beta chains, DRB1*1501 and DRB5*0101, are co-expressed in the HLA-DR2 haplotype, resulting in the formation of two functional cell surface heterodimers, HLA-DR2a (DRA*0101, DRB5*0101) and HLA-DR2b (DRA*0101, DRB1*1501). Both isotypes can present an immunodominant peptide of myelin basic protein (MBP 84-102) to MBP-specific T cells from MS patients. We have determined the crystal structure of HLA-DR2a complexed with MBP 86-105 to 1.9 A resolution. A comparison of this structure with that of HLA-DR2b complexed with MBP 85-99, reported previously, reveals that the peptide register is shifted by three residues, such that the MBP peptide is bound in strikingly different conformations by the two MHC molecules. This shift in binding register is attributable to a large P1 pocket in DR2a, which accommodates Phe92, in conjunction with a relatively shallow P4 pocket, which is occupied by Ile95. In DR2b, by contrast, the small P1 pocket accommodates Val89, while the deep P4 pocket is filled by Phe92. In both complexes, however, the C-terminal half of the peptide is positioned higher in the binding groove than in other MHC class II/peptide structures. As a result of the register shift, different side-chains of the MBP peptide are displayed for interaction with T cell receptors in the DR2a and DR2b complexes. These results demonstrate that MHC molecules can impose different alignments and conformations on the same bound peptide as a consequence of topological differences in their peptide-binding sites, thereby creating distinct T cell epitopes.

Structural basis for the binding of an immunodominant peptide from myelin basic protein in different registers by two HLA-DR2 proteins., Li Y, Li H, Martin R, Mariuzza RA, J Mol Biol. 2000 Nov 24;304(2):177-88. PMID:11080454

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[MBP_HUMAN] Note=The reduction in the surface charge of citrullinated and/or methylated MBP could result in a weakened attachment to the myelin membrane. This mechanism could be operative in demyelinating diseases such as chronical multiple sclerosis (MS), and fulminating MS (Marburg disease).

Function

[DRA_HUMAN] Binds peptides derived from antigens that access the endocytic route of antigen presenting cells (APC) and presents them on the cell surface for recognition by the CD4 T-cells. The peptide binding cleft accommodates peptides of 10-30 residues. The peptides presented by MHC class II molecules are generated mostly by degradation of proteins that access the endocytic route, where they are processed by lysosomal proteases and other hydrolases. Exogenous antigens that have been endocytosed by the APC are thus readily available for presentation via MHC II molecules, and for this reason this antigen presentation pathway is usually referred to as exogenous. As membrane proteins on their way to degradation in lysosomes as part of their normal turn-over are also contained in the endosomal/lysosomal compartments, exogenous antigens must compete with those derived from endogenous components. Autophagy is also a source of endogenous peptides, autophagosomes constitutively fuse with MHC class II loading compartments. In addition to APCs, other cells of the gastrointestinal tract, such as epithelial cells, express MHC class II molecules and CD74 and act as APCs, which is an unusual trait of the GI tract. To produce a MHC class II molecule that presents an antigen, three MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta chain) associate with a CD74 trimer in the ER to form a heterononamer. Soon after the entry of this complex into the endosomal/lysosomal system where antigen processing occurs, CD74 undergoes a sequential degradation by various proteases, including CTSS and CTSL, leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide). The removal of CLIP is facilitated by HLA-DM via direct binding to the alpha-beta-CLIP complex so that CLIP is released. HLA-DM stabilizes MHC class II molecules until primary high affinity antigenic peptides are bound. The MHC II molecule bound to a peptide is then transported to the cell membrane surface. In B-cells, the interaction between HLA-DM and MHC class II molecules is regulated by HLA-DO. Primary dendritic cells (DCs) also to express HLA-DO. Lysosomal miroenvironment has been implicated in the regulation of antigen loading into MHC II molecules, increased acidification produces increased proteolysis and efficient peptide loading. [MBP_HUMAN] The classic group of MBP isoforms (isoform 4-isoform 14) are with PLP the most abundant protein components of the myelin membrane in the CNS. They have a role in both its formation and stabilization. The smaller isoforms might have an important role in remyelination of denuded axons in multiple sclerosis. The non-classic group of MBP isoforms (isoform 1-isoform 3/Golli-MBPs) may preferentially have a role in the early developing brain long before myelination, maybe as components of transcriptional complexes, and may also be involved in signaling pathways in T-cells and neural cells. Differential splicing events combined with optional post-translational modifications give a wide spectrum of isomers, with each of them potentially having a specialized function. Induces T-cell proliferation.[1] [DRB5_HUMAN] Binds peptides derived from antigens that access the endocytic route of antigen presenting cells (APC) and presents them on the cell surface for recognition by the CD4 T-cells. The peptide binding cleft accommodates peptides of 10-30 residues. The peptides presented by MHC class II molecules are generated mostly by degradation of proteins that access the endocytic route, where they are processed by lysosomal proteases and other hydrolases. Exogenous antigens that have been endocytosed by the APC are thus readily available for presentation via MHC II molecules, and for this reason this antigen presentation pathway is usually referred to as exogenous. As membrane proteins on their way to degradation in lysosomes as part of their normal turn-over are also contained in the endosomal/lysosomal compartments, exogenous antigens must compete with those derived from endogenous components. Autophagy is also a source of endogenous peptides, autophagosomes constitutively fuse with MHC class II loading compartments. In addition to APCs, other cells of the gastrointestinal tract, such as epithelial cells, express MHC class II molecules and CD74 and act as APCs, which is an unusual trait of the GI tract. To produce a MHC class II molecule that presents an antigen, three MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta chain) associate with a CD74 trimer in the ER to form a heterononamer. Soon after the entry of this complex into the endosomal/lysosomal system where antigen processing occurs, CD74 undergoes a sequential degradation by various proteases, including CTSS and CTSL, leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide). The removal of CLIP is facilitated by HLA-DM via direct binding to the alpha-beta-CLIP complex so that CLIP is released. HLA-DM stabilizes MHC class II molecules until primary high affinity antigenic peptides are bound. The MHC II molecule bound to a peptide is then transported to the cell membrane surface. In B-cells, the interaction between HLA-DM and MHC class II molecules is regulated by HLA-DO. Primary dendritic cells (DCs) also to express HLA-DO. Lysosomal miroenvironment has been implicated in the regulation of antigen loading into MHC II molecules, increased acidification produces increased proteolysis and efficient peptide loading.

About this Structure

1fv1 is a 6 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Li Y, Li H, Martin R, Mariuzza RA. Structural basis for the binding of an immunodominant peptide from myelin basic protein in different registers by two HLA-DR2 proteins. J Mol Biol. 2000 Nov 24;304(2):177-88. PMID:11080454 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.2000.4198
  • Liew CK, Kowalski K, Fox AH, Newton A, Sharpe BK, Crossley M, Mackay JP. Solution structures of two CCHC zinc fingers from the FOG family protein U-shaped that mediate protein-protein interactions. Structure. 2000 Nov 15;8(11):1157-66. PMID:11080638
  • Richardson JS, Richardson DC. Natural beta-sheet proteins use negative design to avoid edge-to-edge aggregation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Mar 5;99(5):2754-9. PMID:11880627 doi:10.1073/pnas.052706099
  1. Nye SH, Pelfrey CM, Burkwit JJ, Voskuhl RR, Lenardo MJ, Mueller JP. Purification of immunologically active recombinant 21.5 kDa isoform of human myelin basic protein. Mol Immunol. 1995 Oct;32(14-15):1131-41. PMID:8544862

Proteopedia Page Contributors and Editors (what is this?)

OCA

Personal tools