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3qh0

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3qh0, resolution 2.10Å ()
Ligands: , , , , , , , ,
Gene: Cox-2, Cox2, Pghs-b, Ptgs2, Tis10 (Mus musculus)
Activity: Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase, with EC number 1.14.99.1
Related: 3hs5, 1diy, 3hs6, 3hs7, 5cox, 1cvu


Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

X-ray crystal structure of palmitic acid bound to the cyclooxygenase channel of cyclooxygenase-2

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases 1 and 2, also known as cyclooxygenases (COXs) 1 and 2, convert arachidonic acid (AA) to prostaglandin endoperoxide H(2). Prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthases are targets of nonspecific nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and COX-2-specific inhibitors called coxibs. PGHS-2 is a sequence homodimer. Each monomer has a peroxidase and a COX active site. We find that human PGHS-2 functions as a conformational heterodimer having a catalytic monomer (E(cat)) and an allosteric monomer (E(allo)). Heme binds tightly only to the peroxidase site of E(cat), whereas substrates, as well as certain inhibitors (e.g. celecoxib), bind the COX site of E(cat). E(cat) is regulated by E(allo) in a manner dependent on what ligand is bound to E(allo). Substrate and nonsubstrate fatty acids (FAs) and some COX inhibitors (e.g. naproxen) preferentially bind to the COX site of E(allo). AA can bind to E(cat) and E(allo), but the affinity of AA for E(allo) is 25 times that for E(cat). Palmitic acid, an efficacious stimulator of human PGHS-2, binds only E(allo) in palmitic acid/murine PGHS-2 co-crystals. Nonsubstrate FAs can potentiate or attenuate actions of COX inhibitors depending on the FA and whether the inhibitor binds E(cat) or E(allo). Our studies suggest that the concentration and composition of the free FA pool in the environment in which PGHS-2 functions in cells, the FA tone, is a key factor regulating PGHS-2 activity and its responses to COX inhibitors. We suggest that differences in FA tone occurring with different diets will likely affect both base-line prostanoid synthesis and responses to COX inhibitors.

Human cyclooxygenase-2 is a sequence homodimer that functions as a conformational heterodimer., Dong L, Vecchio AJ, Sharma NP, Jurban BJ, Malkowski MG, Smith WL, J Biol Chem. 2011 May 27;286(21):19035-46. Epub 2011 Apr 5. PMID:21467029

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

About this Structure

3qh0 is a 2 chain structure with sequence from Mus musculus. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Dong L, Vecchio AJ, Sharma NP, Jurban BJ, Malkowski MG, Smith WL. Human cyclooxygenase-2 is a sequence homodimer that functions as a conformational heterodimer. J Biol Chem. 2011 May 27;286(21):19035-46. Epub 2011 Apr 5. PMID:21467029 doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.231969

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