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|3nvg, resolution 1.48Å ()|
|Related:||3nve, 3nvf, 3nvh|
MIHFGN segment 137-142 from mouse prion
Prion represents a unique class of pathogens devoid of nucleic acid. The deadly diseases transmitted by it between members of one species and, in certain instances to members of other species, present a public health concern. Transmissibility and the barriers to transmission between species have been suggested to arise from the degree to which a pathological protein conformation from an individual of one species can seed a pathological conformation in another species. However, this hypothesis has never been illustrated at an atomic level. Here we present three X-ray atomic structures of the same segment from human, mouse, and hamster PrP, which is critical for forming amyloid and confers species specificity in PrP seeding experiments. The structures reveal that different sequences encode different steric zippers and suggest that the degree of dissimilarity of these zipper structures gives rise to transmission barriers in prion disease, such as those that protect humans from acquiring bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and chronic wasting disease (CWD).
Atomic structures suggest determinants of transmission barriers in mammalian prion disease., Apostol MI, Wiltzius JJ, Sawaya MR, Cascio D, Eisenberg D, Biochemistry. 2011 Feb 16. PMID:21323366
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[PRIO_MOUSE] Note=Found in high quantity in the brain of humans and animals infected with degenerative neurological diseases such as kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Straussler syndrome (GSS), scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), transmissible mink encephalopathy (TME), etc.
[PRIO_MOUSE] May play a role in neuronal development and synaptic plasticity. May be required for neuronal myelin sheath maintenance. May play a role in iron uptake and iron homeostasis. Soluble oligomers are toxic to cultured neuroblastoma cells and induce apoptosis (in vitro) (By similarity). Association with GPC1 (via its heparan sulfate chains) targets PRNP to lipid rafts. Also provides Cu(2+) or ZN(2+) for the ascorbate-mediated GPC1 deaminase degradation of its heparan sulfate side chains.
About this Structure
3nvg is a 1 chain structure. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.
- Apostol MI, Wiltzius JJ, Sawaya MR, Cascio D, Eisenberg D. Atomic structures suggest determinants of transmission barriers in mammalian prion disease. Biochemistry. 2011 Feb 16. PMID:21323366 doi:10.1021/bi101803k
- ↑ Mani K, Cheng F, Havsmark B, Jonsson M, Belting M, Fransson LA. Prion, amyloid beta-derived Cu(II) ions, or free Zn(II) ions support S-nitroso-dependent autocleavage of glypican-1 heparan sulfate. J Biol Chem. 2003 Oct 3;278(40):38956-65. Epub 2003 May 5. PMID:12732622 doi:10.1074/jbc.M300394200
- ↑ Steele AD, Emsley JG, Ozdinler PH, Lindquist S, Macklis JD. Prion protein (PrPc) positively regulates neural precursor proliferation during developmental and adult mammalian neurogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Feb 28;103(9):3416-21. Epub 2006 Feb 21. PMID:16492732 doi:10.1073/pnas.0511290103
- ↑ Lauren J, Gimbel DA, Nygaard HB, Gilbert JW, Strittmatter SM. Cellular prion protein mediates impairment of synaptic plasticity by amyloid-beta oligomers. Nature. 2009 Feb 26;457(7233):1128-32. doi: 10.1038/nature07761. PMID:19242475 doi:10.1038/nature07761
- ↑ Singh A, Kong Q, Luo X, Petersen RB, Meyerson H, Singh N. Prion protein (PrP) knock-out mice show altered iron metabolism: a functional role for PrP in iron uptake and transport. PLoS One. 2009 Jul 1;4(7):e6115. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006115. PMID:19568430 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006115