Crystal structure of human carbonic anhydrase isozyme II with 2-chloro-5-[(1H-imidazo[4,5-c]quinolin-2-ylsulfanyl)acetyl]benzenesulfonamide
[CAH2_HUMAN] Defects in CA2 are the cause of osteopetrosis autosomal recessive type 3 (OPTB3) [MIM:259730]; also known as osteopetrosis with renal tubular acidosis, carbonic anhydrase II deficiency syndrome, Guibaud-Vainsel syndrome or marble brain disease. Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by abnormally dense bone, due to defective resorption of immature bone. The disorder occurs in two forms: a severe autosomal recessive form occurring in utero, infancy, or childhood, and a benign autosomal dominant form occurring in adolescence or adulthood. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is usually associated with normal or elevated amount of non-functional osteoclasts. OPTB3 is associated with renal tubular acidosis, cerebral calcification (marble brain disease) and in some cases with mental retardation.    
[CAH2_HUMAN] Essential for bone resorption and osteoclast differentiation (By similarity). Reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. Can hydrate cyanamide to urea. Involved in the regulation of fluid secretion into the anterior chamber of the eye. 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
A series of novel 2-chloro-5-[(1-benzimidazolyl- and 2-benzimidazolylsulfanyl)acetyl]benzene-sulfonamides were designed and synthesized. Their binding to recombinant human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) isozymes I, II, VII, and XIII was determined by isothermal titration calorimetry and thermal shift assay. The designed S-alkylated benzimidazole derivatives exhibited stronger binding than the indapamide-like N-alkylated benzimidazoles, with the K(d) reaching about 50-100 nM with drug-targeted hCAs VII and XIII. The cocrystal structures of selected compounds with hCA II were determined by X-ray crystallography, and structural features of the binding event were revealed.
Indapamide-like benzenesulfonamides as inhibitors of carbonic anhydrases I, II, VII, and XIII.,Capkauskaite E, Baranauskiene L, Golovenko D, Manakova E, Grazulis S, Tumkevicius S, Matulis D Bioorg Med Chem. 2010 Nov 1;18(21):7357-64. Epub 2010 Sep 15. PMID:20926301
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.