Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: crystallographic and solution binding studies for the interaction of a boron containing aromatic sulfamide with mammalian isoforms I-XV
[CAH2_HUMAN] Defects in CA2 are the cause of osteopetrosis autosomal recessive type 3 (OPTB3) [MIM:259730]; also known as osteopetrosis with renal tubular acidosis, carbonic anhydrase II deficiency syndrome, Guibaud-Vainsel syndrome or marble brain disease. Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by abnormally dense bone, due to defective resorption of immature bone. The disorder occurs in two forms: a severe autosomal recessive form occurring in utero, infancy, or childhood, and a benign autosomal dominant form occurring in adolescence or adulthood. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is usually associated with normal or elevated amount of non-functional osteoclasts. OPTB3 is associated with renal tubular acidosis, cerebral calcification (marble brain disease) and in some cases with mental retardation.    
[CAH2_HUMAN] Essential for bone resorption and osteoclast differentiation (By similarity). Reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. Can hydrate cyanamide to urea. Involved in the regulation of fluid secretion into the anterior chamber of the eye. 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
We investigated the inhibition of carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 184.108.40.206) isoforms I-XV with 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)phenylsulfamide and other simple or sugar sulfamides, a class of less investigated CA inhibitors (CAIs). The crystal structure of the adduct of hCA II with the boron-substituted sulfamide shows the organic scaffold of this compound bound in the hydrophilic half of the active site where it makes a large number of van der Waals contacts with Ile91, Gln92, Val121, Phe131, Leu198, and Thr200. The data here reported provide further insights into sulfamide binding mechanism confirming that this zinc-binding group could be usefully exploited for obtaining new potent and selective CAIs.
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: crystallographic and solution binding studies for the interaction of a boron-containing aromatic sulfamide with mammalian isoforms I-XV.,Di Fiore A, Monti SM, Innocenti A, Winum JY, De Simone G, Supuran CT Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010 Jun 15;20(12):3601-5. Epub 2010 Apr 28. PMID:20472429
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.