Carbonic Anhydrase in complex with fragment
[CAH2_HUMAN] Defects in CA2 are the cause of osteopetrosis autosomal recessive type 3 (OPTB3) [MIM:259730]; also known as osteopetrosis with renal tubular acidosis, carbonic anhydrase II deficiency syndrome, Guibaud-Vainsel syndrome or marble brain disease. Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by abnormally dense bone, due to defective resorption of immature bone. The disorder occurs in two forms: a severe autosomal recessive form occurring in utero, infancy, or childhood, and a benign autosomal dominant form occurring in adolescence or adulthood. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is usually associated with normal or elevated amount of non-functional osteoclasts. OPTB3 is associated with renal tubular acidosis, cerebral calcification (marble brain disease) and in some cases with mental retardation.    
[CAH2_HUMAN] Essential for bone resorption and osteoclast differentiation (By similarity). Reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. Can hydrate cyanamide to urea. Involved in the regulation of fluid secretion into the anterior chamber of the eye. 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
A series of new zinc binding groups (ZBGs) has been evaluated kinetically on 13 carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms. The fragments show affinity for all isoforms with IC(50) values in the range of 2-11 microM. The crystal structure of hCA II in complex with one such fragment reveals a bidentate binding mode with a trigonal-bipyramidal coordination geometry at the Zn(2+) center. The fragment also interacts with Thr199 and Thr200 through hydrogen bonding and participates in a water network. Further development of this ZBG should increase the binding affinity leading to a structurally distinct and promising class of CA inhibitors.
Bidentate Zinc chelators for alpha-carbonic anhydrases that produce a trigonal bipyramidal coordination geometry.,Schulze Wischeler J, Innocenti A, Vullo D, Agrawal A, Cohen SM, Heine A, Supuran CT, Klebe G ChemMedChem. 2010 Sep 3;5(9):1609-15. PMID:20629007
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.