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|3dwy, resolution 1.98Å ()|
|Gene:||CREBBP, CBP (Homo sapiens)|
Crystal Structure of the Bromodomain of Human CREBBP
Bromodomains (BRDs) are protein interaction modules that specifically recognize epsilon-N-lysine acetylation motifs, a key event in the reading process of epigenetic marks. The 61 BRDs in the human genome cluster into eight families based on structure/sequence similarity. Here, we present 29 high-resolution crystal structures, covering all BRD families. Comprehensive crossfamily structural analysis identifies conserved and family-specific structural features that are necessary for specific acetylation-dependent substrate recognition. Screening of more than 30 representative BRDs against systematic histone-peptide arrays identifies new BRD substrates and reveals a strong influence of flanking posttranslational modifications, such as acetylation and phosphorylation, suggesting that BRDs recognize combinations of marks rather than singly acetylated sequences. We further uncovered a structural mechanism for the simultaneous binding and recognition of diverse diacetyl-containing peptides by BRD4. These data provide a foundation for structure-based drug design of specific inhibitors for this emerging target family.
Histone recognition and large-scale structural analysis of the human bromodomain family., Filippakopoulos P, Picaud S, Mangos M, Keates T, Lambert JP, Barsyte-Lovejoy D, Felletar I, Volkmer R, Muller S, Pawson T, Gingras AC, Arrowsmith CH, Knapp S, Cell. 2012 Mar 30;149(1):214-31. PMID:22464331
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[CBP_HUMAN] Note=Chromosomal aberrations involving CREBBP may be a cause of acute myeloid leukemias. Translocation t(8;16)(p11;p13) with KAT6A; translocation t(11;16)(q23;p13.3) with MLL/HRX; translocation t(10;16)(q22;p13) with KAT6B. KAT6A-CREBBP may induce leukemia by inhibiting RUNX1-mediated transcription. Defects in CREBBP are a cause of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome type 1 (RSTS1) [MIM:180849]. RSTS1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by craniofacial abnormalities, broad thumbs, broad big toes, mental retardation and a propensity for development of malignancies.
[CBP_HUMAN] Acetylates histones, giving a specific tag for transcriptional activation. Also acetylates non-histone proteins, like NCOA3 and FOXO1. Binds specifically to phosphorylated CREB and enhances its transcriptional activity toward cAMP-responsive genes. Acts as a coactivator of ALX1 in the presence of EP300.
About this Structure
- Filippakopoulos P, Picaud S, Mangos M, Keates T, Lambert JP, Barsyte-Lovejoy D, Felletar I, Volkmer R, Muller S, Pawson T, Gingras AC, Arrowsmith CH, Knapp S. Histone recognition and large-scale structural analysis of the human bromodomain family. Cell. 2012 Mar 30;149(1):214-31. PMID:22464331 doi:10.1016/j.cell.2012.02.013
- ↑ Murata T, Kurokawa R, Krones A, Tatsumi K, Ishii M, Taki T, Masuno M, Ohashi H, Yanagisawa M, Rosenfeld MG, Glass CK, Hayashi Y. Defect of histone acetyltransferase activity of the nuclear transcriptional coactivator CBP in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome. Hum Mol Genet. 2001 May 1;10(10):1071-6. PMID:11331617
- ↑ Bartsch O, Locher K, Meinecke P, Kress W, Seemanova E, Wagner A, Ostermann K, Rodel G. Molecular studies in 10 cases of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome, including a mild variant showing a missense mutation in codon 1175 of CREBBP. J Med Genet. 2002 Jul;39(7):496-501. PMID:12114483
- ↑ Kalkhoven E, Roelfsema JH, Teunissen H, den Boer A, Ariyurek Y, Zantema A, Breuning MH, Hennekam RC, Peters DJ. Loss of CBP acetyltransferase activity by PHD finger mutations in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome. Hum Mol Genet. 2003 Feb 15;12(4):441-50. PMID:12566391
- ↑ Roelfsema JH, White SJ, Ariyurek Y, Bartholdi D, Niedrist D, Papadia F, Bacino CA, den Dunnen JT, van Ommen GJ, Breuning MH, Hennekam RC, Peters DJ. Genetic heterogeneity in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome: mutations in both the CBP and EP300 genes cause disease. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 Apr;76(4):572-80. Epub 2005 Feb 10. PMID:15706485 doi:S0002-9297(07)62869-9
- ↑ Zhang W, Bieker JJ. Acetylation and modulation of erythroid Kruppel-like factor (EKLF) activity by interaction with histone acetyltransferases. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Aug 18;95(17):9855-60. PMID:9707565
- ↑ Hung HL, Kim AY, Hong W, Rakowski C, Blobel GA. Stimulation of NF-E2 DNA binding by CREB-binding protein (CBP)-mediated acetylation. J Biol Chem. 2001 Apr 6;276(14):10715-21. Epub 2001 Jan 11. PMID:11154691 doi:10.1074/jbc.M007846200
- ↑ Masumi A, Yamakawa Y, Fukazawa H, Ozato K, Komuro K. Interferon regulatory factor-2 regulates cell growth through its acetylation. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jul 11;278(28):25401-7. Epub 2003 May 7. PMID:12738767 doi:10.1074/jbc.M213037200
- ↑ Iioka T, Furukawa K, Yamaguchi A, Shindo H, Yamashita S, Tsukazaki T. P300/CBP acts as a coactivator to cartilage homeoprotein-1 (Cart1), paired-like homeoprotein, through acetylation of the conserved lysine residue adjacent to the homeodomain. J Bone Miner Res. 2003 Aug;18(8):1419-29. PMID:12929931 doi:10.1359/jbmr.2003.18.8.1419