First time at Proteopedia? Click on the green links: they change the 3D image. Click and drag the molecules. Proteopedia is a 3D, interactive encyclopedia of proteins, RNA, DNA and other molecules. With a free user account, you can edit pages in Proteopedia. Visit the Main Page to learn more.
|2xb6, resolution 2.60Å ()|
|Ligands:||, , , ,|
|Related:||1c4r, 2vh8, 2wqz|
REVISITED CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF NEUREXIN1BETA-NEUROLIGIN4 COMPLEX
The extracellular domains of neuroligins and neurexins interact through Ca(2+) to form flexible trans-synaptic associations characterized by selectivity for neuroligin or neurexin subtypes. This heterophilic interaction, essential for synaptic maturation and differentiation, is regulated by gene selection, alternative mRNA splicing and post-translational modifications. A new, 2.6 A-resolution crystal structure of a soluble neurexin-1beta-neuroligin-4 (Nrx1beta-NL4) complex permits a detailed description of the Ca(2+)-coordinated interface and unveils concerted positional rearrangements of several residues of NL4, not observed in neuroligin-1, associated with Nrx1beta binding. Surface plasmon resonance analysis of the binding of structure-guided Nrx1beta mutants towards NL4 and neuroligin-1 shows that flexibility of the Nrx1beta-binding site in NL4 is reflected in a greater dissociation constant of the complex and higher sensitivity to ionic strength and pH variations. Analysis of neuroligin mutants points to critical functions for two respective residues in neuroligin-1 and neuroligin-2 in governing the affinity of the complexes. Although neuroligin-1 and neuroligin-2 have pre-determined conformations that respectively promote and prevent Nrx1beta association, unique conformational reshaping of the NL4 surface is required to permit Nrx1beta association.
Structural insights into the exquisite selectivity of neurexin/neuroligin synaptic interactions., Leone P, Comoletti D, Ferracci G, Conrod S, Garcia SU, Taylor P, Bourne Y, Marchot P, EMBO J. 2010 Jul 21;29(14):2461-71. Epub 2010 Jun 11. PMID:20543817
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[NLGNX_HUMAN] Defects in NLGN4X may be the cause of susceptibility to autism X-linked type 2 (AUTSX2) [MIM:300495]. AUTSX2 is a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), prototypically characterized by impairments in reciprocal social interaction and communication, restricted and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities, and the presence of developmental abnormalities by 3 years of age. Defects in NLGN4X may be the cause of susceptibility to X-linked Asperger syndrome 2 (ASPGX2) [MIM:300497]. ASPGX2 is considered to be a form of childhood autism.
[NLGNX_HUMAN] Putative neuronal cell surface protein involved in cell-cell-interactions. [NRX1B_RAT] Neuronal cell surface protein that may be involved in cell recognition and cell adhesion by forming intracellular junctions through binding to neuroligins. May play a role in formation or maintenance of synaptic junctions. May mediate intracellular signaling. May play a role in angiogenesis (By similarity).
About this Structure
- Leone P, Comoletti D, Ferracci G, Conrod S, Garcia SU, Taylor P, Bourne Y, Marchot P. Structural insights into the exquisite selectivity of neurexin/neuroligin synaptic interactions. EMBO J. 2010 Jul 21;29(14):2461-71. Epub 2010 Jun 11. PMID:20543817 doi:10.1038/emboj.2010.123
- ↑ Jamain S, Quach H, Betancur C, Rastam M, Colineaux C, Gillberg IC, Soderstrom H, Giros B, Leboyer M, Gillberg C, Bourgeron T. Mutations of the X-linked genes encoding neuroligins NLGN3 and NLGN4 are associated with autism. Nat Genet. 2003 May;34(1):27-9. PMID:12669065 doi:10.1038/ng1136
- ↑ Nguyen T, Sudhof TC. Binding properties of neuroligin 1 and neurexin 1beta reveal function as heterophilic cell adhesion molecules. J Biol Chem. 1997 Oct 10;272(41):26032-9. PMID:9325340