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2vrh

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2vrh, resolution 19.00Å ()
Non-Standard Residues:
Related: 1p9y, 2j28, 2vhm, 2wwq, 1p86, 2aw4, 1w26, 1w2b, 1p85, 2vhn, 1oms, 2awb, 1l1p
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Structure of the E. coli trigger factor bound to a translating ribosome

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Ribosome-associated chaperone Trigger Factor (TF) initiates folding of newly synthesized proteins in bacteria. Here, we pinpoint by site-specific crosslinking the sequence of molecular interactions of Escherichia coli TF and nascent chains during translation. Furthermore, we provide the first full-length structure of TF associated with ribosome-nascent chain complexes by using cryo-electron microscopy. In its active state, TF arches over the ribosomal exit tunnel accepting nascent chains in a protective void. The growing nascent chain initially follows a predefined path through the entire interior of TF in an unfolded conformation, and even after folding into a domain it remains accommodated inside the protective cavity of ribosome-bound TF. The adaptability to accept nascent chains of different length and folding states may explain how TF is able to assist co-translational folding of all kinds of nascent polypeptides during ongoing synthesis. Moreover, we suggest a model of how TF's chaperoning function can be coordinated with the co-translational processing and membrane targeting of nascent polypeptides by other ribosome-associated factors.

Molecular mechanism and structure of Trigger Factor bound to the translating ribosome., Merz F, Boehringer D, Schaffitzel C, Preissler S, Hoffmann A, Maier T, Rutkowska A, Lozza J, Ban N, Bukau B, Deuerling E, EMBO J. 2008 Jun 4;27(11):1622-32. Epub 2008 May 22. PMID:18497744

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Function

[RL29_ECOLI] Binds 23S rRNA. It is not essential for growth.[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00374] One of the proteins that surrounds the polypeptide exit tunnel on the outside of the subunit. Contacts trigger factor (PubMed:12226666).[HAMAP-Rule:MF_00374] [TIG_ECOLI] Involved in protein export. Acts as a chaperone by maintaining the newly synthesized secretory and non-secretory proteins in an open conformation. Binds to nascent polypeptide chains via ribosomal protein L23 (PubMed:12226666). Functions as a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase in vitro, this activity is dispensible in vivo for chaperone activity.[1] [2] [3] [RL24_ECOLI] One of two assembly initiator proteins, it binds directly to the 5'-end of the 23S rRNA, where it nucleates assembly of the 50S subunit. It is not thought to be involved in the functions of the mature 50S subunit in vitro.[4] One of the proteins that surrounds the polypeptide exit tunnel on the outside of the subunit.[5] [RL23_ECOL5] One of the early assembly proteins it binds 23S rRNA. One of the proteins that surrounds the polypeptide exit tunnel on the outside of the ribosome. Forms the main docking site for trigger factor binding to the ribosome (By similarity).

About this Structure

2vrh is a 4 chain structure with sequence from Escherichia coli. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Merz F, Boehringer D, Schaffitzel C, Preissler S, Hoffmann A, Maier T, Rutkowska A, Lozza J, Ban N, Bukau B, Deuerling E. Molecular mechanism and structure of Trigger Factor bound to the translating ribosome. EMBO J. 2008 Jun 4;27(11):1622-32. Epub 2008 May 22. PMID:18497744 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/emboj.2008.89
  1. Hesterkamp T, Hauser S, Lutcke H, Bukau B. Escherichia coli trigger factor is a prolyl isomerase that associates with nascent polypeptide chains. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Apr 30;93(9):4437-41. PMID:8633085
  2. Valent QA, Kendall DA, High S, Kusters R, Oudega B, Luirink J. Early events in preprotein recognition in E. coli: interaction of SRP and trigger factor with nascent polypeptides. EMBO J. 1995 Nov 15;14(22):5494-505. PMID:8521806
  3. Genevaux P, Keppel F, Schwager F, Langendijk-Genevaux PS, Hartl FU, Georgopoulos C. In vivo analysis of the overlapping functions of DnaK and trigger factor. EMBO Rep. 2004 Feb;5(2):195-200. Epub 2004 Jan 9. PMID:14726952 doi:10.1038/sj.embor.7400067
  4. Spillmann S, Nierhaus KH. The ribosomal protein L24 of Escherichia coli is an assembly protein. J Biol Chem. 1978 Oct 10;253(19):7047-50. PMID:357435
  5. Spillmann S, Nierhaus KH. The ribosomal protein L24 of Escherichia coli is an assembly protein. J Biol Chem. 1978 Oct 10;253(19):7047-50. PMID:357435

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