RNA BINDING DOMAIN 2 OF HUMAN U1A PROTEIN, NMR, 20 STRUCTURES
[SNRPA_HUMAN] Binds stem loop II of U1 snRNA. It is the first snRNP to interact with pre-mRNA. This interaction is required for the subsequent binding of U2 snRNP and the U4/U6/U5 tri-snRNP. In a snRNP-free form (SF-A) may be involved in coupled pre-mRNA splicing and polyadenylation process. Binds preferentially to the 5'-UGCAC-3' motif in vitro.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The human U1A protein has two putative RNA binding domains, one at the N-terminal region of the protein (RBD1) and the other at the C-terminal end (RBD2). RBD1 binds tightly and specifically to one of the stem loops of the U1 snRNA, as well as to its own 3'-UTR. In contrast, RBD2 does not appear to associate with any RNA. The two domains share 25% amino acid identity, and both have the same betaalphabeta-betaalphabeta secondary structure fold. In this work, 13C/15N/1H multidimensional NMR methods were used to obtain side-chain assignments for RBD2, and then the tertiary structure was calculated using a distance geometry/simulated annealing algorithm that employs pairwise Gaussian metrization. RBD2 is shown to fold into an alpha/beta sandwich with a four-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet, which is the typical global topology of these domains. Specific structural features of RBD2 include a beta-bulge in beta2, N-capping boxes for both alpha-helices, and an extremely shallow twist of its beta-sheet. The 15N backbone dynamics of these two structurally homologous RBDs are significantly different, compared using order parameters and T2 exchange terms in the Lipari and Szabo model-free formalism. Conformational exchange observed in RBD1, which is absent in RBD2, may correlate to the mechanism of RNA binding.
Tertiary structure of RBD2 and backbone dynamics of RBD1 and RBD2 of the human U1A protein determined by NMR spectroscopy.,Lu J, Hall KB Biochemistry. 1997 Aug 26;36(34):10393-405. PMID:9265619
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.