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|2l3r, 15 NMR models ()|
|Gene:||UHRF1, ICBP90, NP95, RNF106 (Homo sapiens)|
NMR structure of UHRF1 Tandem Tudor Domains in a complex with Histone H3 peptide
Histone modifications and DNA methylation represent two layers of heritable epigenetic information that regulate eukaryotic chromatin structure and gene activity. UHRF1 is a unique factor that bridges these two layers; it is required for maintenance DNA methylation at hemi-methylated CpG sites which are specifically recognized through its SRA domain and also interacts with histone H3 trimethylated on lysine 9 (H3K9me3) in an unspecified manner. Here we show that UHRF1 contains a Tandem Tudor Domain (TTD) that recognizes H3 tail peptides with the heterochromatin-associated modification state of trimethylated lysine 9 and unmodified lysine 4 (H3K4me0/K9me3). Solution NMR and crystallographic data reveal the TTD simultaneously recognizes H3K9me3 through a conserved aromatic cage in the first Tudor subdomain, and unmodified H3K4 within a groove between the tandem subdomains. The subdomains undergo a conformational adjustment upon peptide binding, distinct from previously reported mechanisms for dual histone mark recognition. Mutant UHRF1 protein deficient for H3K4me0/K9me3 binding shows altered localization to heterochromatic chromocenters and fails to reduce expression of a target gene, p16INK4A, when overexpressed. Our results demonstrate a novel recognition mechanism for the combinatorial readout of histone modification states associated with gene silencing, and add to the growing evidence for coordination of, and cross-talk between the modification states of H3K4 and H3K9 in regulation of gene expression.
Recognition of multivalent histone states associated with heterochromatin by UHRF1., Nady N, Lemak A, Walker JR, Avvakumov GV, Kareta MS, Achour M, Xue S, Duan S, Allali-Hassani A, Zuo X, Wang YX, Bronner C, Chedin F, Arrowsmith CH, Dhe-Paganon S, J Biol Chem. 2011 Apr 13. PMID:21489993
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[UHRF1_HUMAN] Note=Defects in UHRF1 may be a cause of cancers. Overexpressed in many different forms of human cancers, including bladder, breast, cervical, colorectal and prostate cancers, as well as pancreatic adenocarcinomas, rhabdomyosarcomas and gliomas. Plays an important role in the correlation of histone modification and gene silencing in cancer progression. Expression is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with various cancers, suggesting that it participates in cancer progression.
[UHRF1_HUMAN] Multidomain protein that acts as a key epigenetic regulator by bridging DNA methylation and chromatin modification. Specifically recognizes and binds hemimethylated DNA at replication forks via its YDG domain and recruits DNMT1 methyltransferase to ensure faithful propagation of the DNA methylation patterns through DNA replication. In addition to its role in maintenance of DNA methylation, also plays a key role in chromatin modification: through its tudor-like regions and PHD-type zinc fingers, specifically recognizes and binds histone H3 trimethylated at 'Lys-9' (H3K9me3) and unmethylated at 'Arg-2' (H3R2me0), respectively, and recruits chromatin proteins. Enriched in pericentric heterochromatin where it recruits different chromatin modifiers required for this chromatin replication. Also localizes to euchromatic regions where it negatively regulates transcription possibly by impacting DNA methylation and histone modifications. Has E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity by mediating the ubiquitination of target proteins such as histone H3 and PML. It is still unclear how E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity is related to its role in chromatin in vivo. May be involved in DNA repair.
About this Structure
- Nady N, Lemak A, Walker JR, Avvakumov GV, Kareta MS, Achour M, Xue S, Duan S, Allali-Hassani A, Zuo X, Wang YX, Bronner C, Chedin F, Arrowsmith CH, Dhe-Paganon S. Recognition of multivalent histone states associated with heterochromatin by UHRF1. J Biol Chem. 2011 Apr 13. PMID:21489993 doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.234104
- ↑ Hopfner R, Mousli M, Jeltsch JM, Voulgaris A, Lutz Y, Marin C, Bellocq JP, Oudet P, Bronner C. ICBP90, a novel human CCAAT binding protein, involved in the regulation of topoisomerase IIalpha expression. Cancer Res. 2000 Jan 1;60(1):121-8. PMID:10646863
- ↑ Arima Y, Hirota T, Bronner C, Mousli M, Fujiwara T, Niwa S, Ishikawa H, Saya H. Down-regulation of nuclear protein ICBP90 by p53/p21Cip1/WAF1-dependent DNA-damage checkpoint signals contributes to cell cycle arrest at G1/S transition. Genes Cells. 2004 Feb;9(2):131-42. PMID:15009091
- ↑ Unoki M, Nishidate T, Nakamura Y. ICBP90, an E2F-1 target, recruits HDAC1 and binds to methyl-CpG through its SRA domain. Oncogene. 2004 Oct 7;23(46):7601-10. PMID:15361834 doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1208053
- ↑ Bostick M, Kim JK, Esteve PO, Clark A, Pradhan S, Jacobsen SE. UHRF1 plays a role in maintaining DNA methylation in mammalian cells. Science. 2007 Sep 21;317(5845):1760-4. Epub 2007 Aug 2. PMID:17673620 doi:10.1126/science.1147939
- ↑ Karagianni P, Amazit L, Qin J, Wong J. ICBP90, a novel methyl K9 H3 binding protein linking protein ubiquitination with heterochromatin formation. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Jan;28(2):705-17. Epub 2007 Oct 29. PMID:17967883 doi:10.1128/MCB.01598-07
- ↑ Kim JK, Esteve PO, Jacobsen SE, Pradhan S. UHRF1 binds G9a and participates in p21 transcriptional regulation in mammalian cells. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009 Feb;37(2):493-505. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkn961. Epub 2008 Dec, 4. PMID:19056828 doi:10.1093/nar/gkn961
- ↑ Felle M, Joppien S, Nemeth A, Diermeier S, Thalhammer V, Dobner T, Kremmer E, Kappler R, Langst G. The USP7/Dnmt1 complex stimulates the DNA methylation activity of Dnmt1 and regulates the stability of UHRF1. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Oct;39(19):8355-65. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkr528. Epub 2011, Jul 10. PMID:21745816 doi:10.1093/nar/gkr528
- ↑ Guan D, Factor D, Liu Y, Wang Z, Kao HY. The epigenetic regulator UHRF1 promotes ubiquitination-mediated degradation of the tumor-suppressor protein promyelocytic leukemia protein. Oncogene. 2012 Sep 3. doi: 10.1038/onc.2012.406. PMID:22945642 doi:10.1038/onc.2012.406
- ↑ Rajakumara E, Wang Z, Ma H, Hu L, Chen H, Lin Y, Guo R, Wu F, Li H, Lan F, Shi YG, Xu Y, Patel DJ, Shi Y. PHD Finger Recognition of Unmodified Histone H3R2 Links UHRF1 to Regulation of Euchromatic Gene Expression. Mol Cell. 2011 Jul 22;43(2):275-84. PMID:21777816 doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2011.07.006