Crystal structure of human PTPA
[PTPA_HUMAN] PPIases accelerate the folding of proteins. It catalyzes the cis-trans isomerization of proline imidic peptide bonds in oligopeptides. Acts as a regulatory subunit for serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) modulating its activity or substrate specificity, probably by inducing a conformational change in the catalytic subunit, a proposed direct target of the PPIase. Can reactivate inactive phosphatase PP2A-phosphatase methylesterase complexes (PP2A(i)) in presence of ATP and Mg(2+) (By similarity). Reversibly stimulates the variable phosphotyrosyl phosphatase activity of PP2A core heterodimer PP2A(D) in presence of ATP and Mg(2+) (in vitro). The phosphotyrosyl phosphatase activity is dependent of an ATPase activity of the PP2A(D):PPP2R4 complex. Is involved in apoptosis; the function appears to be independent from PP2A. 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a heterotrimeric Ser/Thr phosphatase that is involved in regulating a plethora of signaling pathways in the cell, making its regulation a critical part of the well being of the cell. For example, three of the non-catalytic PP2A subunits have been linked to carcinogenic events. Therefore, the molecular basis for the complicated protein-protein interaction pattern of PP2A and its regulators is of special interest. The PP2A phosphatase activator (PTPA) protein is highly conserved from humans to yeast. It is an activator of PP2A and has been shown to be essential for a fully functional PP2A, but its mechanism of activation is still not well defined. We have solved the crystal structure of human PTPA to 1.6A. It reveals a two-domain protein with a novel fold comprised of 13 alpha-helices. We have identified a highly conserved cleft as a potential region for interaction with peptide segments of other proteins. Binding studies with ATP and its analogs are not consistent with ATP being a cofactor/substrate for PTPA as had previously been proposed. The structure of PTPA can serve as a basis for structure-function studies directed at elucidating its mechanism as an activator of PP2A.
The crystal structure of a human PP2A phosphatase activator reveals a novel fold and highly conserved cleft implicated in protein-protein interactions.,Magnusdottir A, Stenmark P, Flodin S, Nyman T, Hammarstrom M, Ehn M, Bakali H MA, Berglund H, Nordlund P J Biol Chem. 2006 Aug 11;281(32):22434-8. Epub 2006 Jun 16. PMID:16782712
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.