Activated Rac1 bound to its effector phospholipase C beta 2
[RAC1_HUMAN] Plasma membrane-associated small GTPase which cycles between active GTP-bound and inactive GDP-bound states. In its active state, binds to a variety of effector proteins to regulate cellular responses such as secretory processes, phagocytosis of apoptotic cells, epithelial cell polarization and growth-factor induced formation of membrane ruffles. Rac1 p21/rho GDI heterodimer is the active component of the cytosolic factor sigma 1, which is involved in stimulation of the NADPH oxidase activity in macrophages (By similarity). Essential for the SPATA13-mediated regulation of cell migration and adhesion assembly and disassembly. Stimulates PKN2 kinase activity. In concert with RAB7A, plays a role in regulating the formation of RBs (ruffled borders) in osteoclasts. In glioma cells, promotes cell migration and invasion.     Isoform B has an accelerated GEF-independent GDP/GTP exchange and an impaired GTP hydrolysis, which is restored partially by GTPase-activating proteins. It is able to bind to the GTPase-binding domain of PAK but not full-length PAK in a GTP-dependent manner, suggesting that the insertion does not completely abolish effector interaction.     [PLCB2_HUMAN] The production of the second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) is mediated by activated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C enzymes.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Although diverse signaling cascades require the coordinated regulation of heterotrimeric G proteins and small GTPases, these connections remain poorly understood. We present the crystal structure of the GTPase Rac1 bound to phospholipase C-beta2 (PLC-beta2), a classic effector of heterotrimeric G proteins. Rac1 engages the pleckstrin-homology (PH) domain of PLC-beta2 to optimize its orientation for substrate membranes. Gbetagamma also engages the PH domain to activate PLC-beta2, and these two activation events are compatible, leading to additive stimulation of phospholipase activity. In contrast to PLC-delta, the PH domain of PLC-beta2 cannot bind phosphoinositides, eliminating this mode of regulation. The structure of the Rac1-PLC-beta2 complex reveals determinants that dictate selectivity of PLC-beta isozymes for Rac GTPases over other Rho-family GTPases, and substitutions within PLC-beta2 abrogate its stimulation by Rac1 but not by Gbetagamma, allowing for functional dissection of this integral signaling node.
Crystal structure of Rac1 bound to its effector phospholipase C-beta2.,Jezyk MR, Snyder JT, Gershberg S, Worthylake DK, Harden TK, Sondek J Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2006 Dec;13(12):1135-40. Epub 2006 Nov 19. PMID:17115053
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.