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|2c2e, resolution 2.61Å ()|
|Related:||1jx4, 1jxl, 1n48, 1n56, 1ryr, 1rys, 1s0m, 1s0n, 1s0o, 1s10, 1s97, 1s9f, 2ago, 2agp, 2agq, 2bq3, 2bqr, 2bqu, 2br0, 2c22, 2c28, 2c2d, 2c2r|
EFFICIENT AND HIGH FIDELITY INCORPORATION OF DCTP OPPOSITE 7,8-DIHYDRO-8-OXODEOXYGUANOSINE BY SULFOLOBUS SOLFATARICUS DNA POLYMERASE DPO4
DNA polymerases insert dATP opposite the oxidative damage product 7,8-dihydro-8-oxodeoxyguanosine (8-oxoG) instead of dCTP, to the extent of >90% with some polymerases. Steady-state kinetics with the Y-family Sulfolobus solfataricus DNA polymerase IV (Dpo4) showed 90-fold higher incorporation efficiency of dCTP > dATP opposite 8-oxoG and 4-fold higher efficiency of extension beyond an 8-oxoG:C pair than an 8-oxoG:A pair. The catalytic efficiency for these events (with dCTP or C) was similar for G and 8-oxoG templates. Mass spectral analysis of extended DNA primers showed >/=95% incorporation of dCTP > dATP opposite 8-oxoG. Pre-steady-state kinetics showed faster rates of dCTP incorporation opposite 8-oxoG than G. The measured K(d)(,dCTP) was 15-fold lower for an oligonucleotide containing 8-oxoG than with G. Extension beyond an 8-oxoG:C pair was similar to G:C and faster than for an 8-oxoG:A pair, in contrast to other polymerases. The E(a) for dCTP insertion opposite 8-oxoG was lower than for opposite G. Crystal structures of Dpo4 complexes with oligonucleotides were solved with C, A, and G nucleoside triphosphates placed opposite 8-oxoG. With ddCTP, dCTP, and dATP the phosphodiester bonds were formed even in the presence of Ca(2+). The 8-oxoG:C pair showed classic Watson-Crick geometry; the 8-oxoG:A pair was in the syn:anti configuration, with the A hybridized in a Hoogsteen pair with 8-oxoG. With dGTP placed opposite 8-oxoG, pairing was not to the 8-oxoG but to the 5' C (and in classic Watson-Crick geometry), consistent with the low frequency of this frameshift event observed in the catalytic assays.
Efficient and high fidelity incorporation of dCTP opposite 7,8-dihydro-8-oxodeoxyguanosine by Sulfolobus solfataricus DNA polymerase Dpo4., Zang H, Irimia A, Choi JY, Angel KC, Loukachevitch LV, Egli M, Guengerich FP, J Biol Chem. 2006 Jan 27;281(4):2358-72. Epub 2005 Nov 22. PMID:16306039
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
About this Structure
- Zang H, Irimia A, Choi JY, Angel KC, Loukachevitch LV, Egli M, Guengerich FP. Efficient and high fidelity incorporation of dCTP opposite 7,8-dihydro-8-oxodeoxyguanosine by Sulfolobus solfataricus DNA polymerase Dpo4. J Biol Chem. 2006 Jan 27;281(4):2358-72. Epub 2005 Nov 22. PMID:16306039 doi:10.1074/jbc.M510889200