2ahs

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2ahs, resolution 2.10Å ()
Ligands: , ,
Gene: PTPRB, PTPB (Homo sapiens)
Activity: Protein-tyrosine-phosphatase, with EC number 3.1.3.48
Related: 1rpm
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, PDBsum, RCSB
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml



Contents

Crystal Structure of the Catalytic Domain of Human Tyrosine Receptor Phosphatase Beta

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play a critical role in regulating cellular functions by selectively dephosphorylating their substrates. Here we present 22 human PTP crystal structures that, together with prior structural knowledge, enable a comprehensive analysis of the classical PTP family. Despite their largely conserved fold, surface properties of PTPs are strikingly diverse. A potential secondary substrate-binding pocket is frequently found in phosphatases, and this has implications for both substrate recognition and development of selective inhibitors. Structural comparison identified four diverse catalytic loop (WPD) conformations and suggested a mechanism for loop closure. Enzymatic assays revealed vast differences in PTP catalytic activity and identified PTPD1, PTPD2, and HDPTP as catalytically inert protein phosphatases. We propose a "head-to-toe" dimerization model for RPTPgamma/zeta that is distinct from the "inhibitory wedge" model and that provides a molecular basis for inhibitory regulation. This phosphatome resource gives an expanded insight into intrafamily PTP diversity, catalytic activity, substrate recognition, and autoregulatory self-association.

Large-scale structural analysis of the classical human protein tyrosine phosphatome., Barr AJ, Ugochukwu E, Lee WH, King ON, Filippakopoulos P, Alfano I, Savitsky P, Burgess-Brown NA, Muller S, Knapp S, Cell. 2009 Jan 23;136(2):352-63. PMID:19167335

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

About this Structure

2ahs is a 2 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Barr AJ, Ugochukwu E, Lee WH, King ON, Filippakopoulos P, Alfano I, Savitsky P, Burgess-Brown NA, Muller S, Knapp S. Large-scale structural analysis of the classical human protein tyrosine phosphatome. Cell. 2009 Jan 23;136(2):352-63. PMID:19167335 doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2008.11.038
  • Matozo HC, Nascimento AS, Santos MA, Iuliano R, Fusco A, Polikarpov I. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of rat protein tyrosine phosphatase eta. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2006 Sep 1;62(Pt, 9):923-5. Epub 2006 Aug 26. PMID:16946481 doi:10.1107/S1744309106031058

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