C domain of human cyclophilin-33(hcyp33)
[PPIE_HUMAN] PPIases accelerate the folding of proteins. It catalyzes the cis-trans isomerization of proline imidic peptide bonds in oligopeptides. Combines RNA-binding and PPIase activities. May be involved in muscle- and brain-specific processes. May be involved in pre-mRNA splicing.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Cyclophilins (CyPs) are a widespreading protein family in living organisms and possess the activity of peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase), which is inhibited by cyclosporin A (CsA). The human nuclear cyclophilin (hCyP33) is the first protein which was found to contain two RNA binding domains at the amino-terminus and a PPIase domain at the carboxyl-terminus. We isolated the hCyP33 gene from the human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells and expressed it in Escherichia coli, and determined the crystal structure of the C domain of hCyP33 at 1.88 A resolution. The core structure is a beta-barrel covered by two alpha-helices. Superposition of the structure of the C domain of hCyP33 with the structure of CypA suggests that the C domain contains PPIase active site which binds to CsA. Furthermore, C domain seems to be able to bind with the Gag-encoded capsid (CA) of HIV-1 and may affect the viral replication of HIV-1. A key residue of the active site is changed from Ala-103-CypA to Ser-239-hCyP33, which may affect the PPIase domain/substrates interactions.
1.88 A crystal structure of the C domain of hCyP33: a novel domain of peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase.,Wang T, Yun CH, Gu SY, Chang WR, Liang DC Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Aug 5;333(3):845-9. PMID:15963461
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.