N9 Tern Influenza neuraminidase complexed with a 2,5-Disubstituted tetrahydrofuran-5-carboxylic acid
[NRAM_IATRA] Catalyzes the removal of terminal sialic acid residues from viral and cellular glycoconjugates. Cleaves off the terminal sialic acids on the glycosylated HA during virus budding to facilitate virus release. Additionally helps virus spread through the circulation by further removing sialic acids from the cell surface. These cleavages prevent self-aggregation and ensure the efficient spread of the progeny virus from cell to cell. Otherwise, infection would be limited to one round of replication. Described as a receptor-destroying enzyme because it cleaves a terminal sialic acid from the cellular receptors. May facilitate viral invasion of the upper airways by cleaving the sialic acid moities on the mucin of the airway epithelial cells. Likely to plays a role in the budding process through its association with lipid rafts during intracellular transport. May additionally display a raft-association independent effect on budding. Plays a role in the determination of host range restriction on replication and virulence. Sialidase activity in late endosome/lysosome traffic seems to enhance virus replication.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
(+/-)-(2R,3R,5R)-[2-(1'-S-acetamido-3'-methyl)butyl-3-methoxycarbonyl]tetr ahydrofuran-5-carboxylic acid (9) and (+/-)-(2R,3R,5R)-[2-(1'-S-acetamido-3'-methyl)butyl-3-(4'-imidazolyl)]tetr ahydrofuran 5-carboxylic acid (14) were synthesized as inhibitors of influenza neuraminidase (NA). Both compounds 9 and 14 inhibit influenza NA A with an IC(50) of about 0.5 microM and NA B with an IC(50) of 1.0 microM.
Design, synthesis, and structural analysis of inhibitors of influenza neuraminidase containing a 2,3-disubstituted tetrahydrofuran-5-carboxylic acid core.,Wang GT, Wang S, Gentles R, Sowin T, Maring CJ, Kempf DJ, Kati WM, Stoll V, Stewart KD, Laver G Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2005 Jan 3;15(1):125-8. PMID:15582424
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.