1s9v

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1s9v, resolution 2.22Å ()
Ligands:
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, PDBsum, RCSB
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml



Contents

Crystal structure of HLA-DQ2 complexed with deamidated gliadin peptide

Publication Abstract from PubMed

Celiac disease, also known as celiac sprue, is a gluten-induced autoimmune-like disorder of the small intestine, which is strongly associated with HLA-DQ2. The structure of DQ2 complexed with an immunogenic epitope from gluten, QLQPFPQPELPY, has been determined to 2.2-A resolution by x-ray crystallography. The glutamate at P6, which is formed by tissue transglutaminase-catalyzed deamidation, is an important anchor residue as it participates in an extensive hydrogen-bonding network involving Lys-beta71 of DQ2. The gluten peptide-DQ2 complex retains critical hydrogen bonds between the MHC and the peptide backbone despite the presence of many proline residues in the peptide that are unable to participate in amide-mediated hydrogen bonds. Positioning of proline residues such that they do not interfere with backbone hydrogen bonding results in a reduction in the number of registers available for gluten peptides to bind to MHC class II molecules and presumably impairs the likelihood of establishing favorable side-chain interactions. The HLA association in celiac disease can be explained by a superior ability of DQ2 to bind the biased repertoire of proline-rich gluten peptides that have survived gastrointestinal digestion and that have been deamidated by tissue transglutaminase. Finally, surface-exposed proline residues in the proteolytically resistant ligand were replaced with functionalized analogs, thereby providing a starting point for the design of orally active agents for blocking gluten-induced toxicity.

Structural basis for HLA-DQ2-mediated presentation of gluten epitopes in celiac disease., Kim CY, Quarsten H, Bergseng E, Khosla C, Sollid LM, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Mar 23;101(12):4175-9. Epub 2004 Mar 12. PMID:15020763

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

About this Structure

1s9v is a 6 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Kim CY, Quarsten H, Bergseng E, Khosla C, Sollid LM. Structural basis for HLA-DQ2-mediated presentation of gluten epitopes in celiac disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Mar 23;101(12):4175-9. Epub 2004 Mar 12. PMID:15020763 doi:10.1073/pnas.0306885101

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