1rrp

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1rrp, resolution 2.96Å ()
Ligands: ,
Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

STRUCTURE OF THE RAN-GPPNHP-RANBD1 COMPLEX

Publication Abstract from PubMed

The protein Ran is a small GTP-binding protein that binds to two types of effector inside the cell: Ran-binding proteins, which have a role in terminating export processes from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, and importin-beta-like molecules that bind cargo proteins during nuclear transport. The Ran-binding domain is a conserved sequence motif found in several proteins that participate in these transport processes. The Ran-binding protein RanBP2 contains four of these domains and constitutes a large part of the cytoplasmic fibrils that extend from the nuclear-pore complex. The structure of Ran bound to a non-hydrolysable GTP analogue (Ran x GppNHp) in complex with the first Ran-binding domain (RanBD1) of human RanBP2 reveals not only that RanBD1 has a pleckstrin-homology domain fold, but also that the switch-I region of Ran x GppNHp resembles the canonical Ras GppNHp structure and that the carboxy terminus of Ran is wrapped around RanBD1, contacting a basic patch on RanBD1 through its acidic end. This molecular 'embrace' enables RanBDs to sequester the Ran carboxy terminus, triggering the dissociation of Ran x GTP from importin-beta-related transport factors and facilitating GTP hydrolysis by the GTPase-activating protein ranGAP. Such a mechanism represents a new type of switch mechanism and regulatory protein-protein interaction for a Ras-related protein.

Structure of a Ran-binding domain complexed with Ran bound to a GTP analogue: implications for nuclear transport., Vetter IR, Nowak C, Nishimoto T, Kuhlmann J, Wittinghofer A, Nature. 1999 Mar 4;398(6722):39-46. PMID:10078529

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Disease

[RBP2_HUMAN] Defects in RANBP2 are the cause of encephalopathy acute infection-induced type 3 (IIAE3) [MIM:608033]. A rapidly progressive encephalopathy manifesting in susceptibile individuals with seizures and coma. It can occur within days in otherwise healthy children after common viral infections such as influenza and parainfluenza, without evidence of viral infection of the brain or inflammatory cell infiltration. Brain T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging reveals characteristic symmetric lesions present in the thalami, pons and brainstem. Note=Mutations in the RANBP2 gene predispose to IIAE3, but by themselves are insufficient to make the phenotype fully penetrant; additional genetic and environmental factors are required (PubMed:19118815).[1]

Function

[RAN_HUMAN] GTP-binding protein involved in nucleocytoplasmic transport. Required for the import of protein into the nucleus and also for RNA export. Involved in chromatin condensation and control of cell cycle (By similarity). The complex with BIRC5/ survivin plays a role in mitotic spindle formation by serving as a physical scaffold to help deliver the RAN effector molecule TPX2 to microtubules. Acts as a negative regulator of the kinase activity of VRK1 and VRK2.[2][3][4][5] Enhances AR-mediated transactivation. Transactivation decreases as the poly-Gln length within AR increases.[6][7][8][9] [RBP2_HUMAN] E3 SUMO-protein ligase which facilitates SUMO1 and SUMO2 conjugation by UBE2I. Involved in transport factor (Ran-GTP, karyopherin)-mediated protein import via the F-G repeat-containing domain which acts as a docking site for substrates. Could also have isomerase or chaperone activity and may bind RNA or DNA. Component of the nuclear export pathway. Specific docking site for the nuclear export factor exportin-1.[10][11][12][13]

About this Structure

1rrp is a 4 chain structure with sequence from Homo sapiens. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

Reference

  • Vetter IR, Nowak C, Nishimoto T, Kuhlmann J, Wittinghofer A. Structure of a Ran-binding domain complexed with Ran bound to a GTP analogue: implications for nuclear transport. Nature. 1999 Mar 4;398(6722):39-46. PMID:10078529 doi:10.1038/17969
  • Kim WK, Henschel A, Winter C, Schroeder M. The many faces of protein-protein interactions: A compendium of interface geometry. PLoS Comput Biol. 2006 Sep 29;2(9):e124. Epub 2006 Jul 31. PMID:17009862 doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.0020124
  1. Neilson DE, Adams MD, Orr CM, Schelling DK, Eiben RM, Kerr DS, Anderson J, Bassuk AG, Bye AM, Childs AM, Clarke A, Crow YJ, Di Rocco M, Dohna-Schwake C, Dueckers G, Fasano AE, Gika AD, Gionnis D, Gorman MP, Grattan-Smith PJ, Hackenberg A, Kuster A, Lentschig MG, Lopez-Laso E, Marco EJ, Mastroyianni S, Perrier J, Schmitt-Mechelke T, Servidei S, Skardoutsou A, Uldall P, van der Knaap MS, Goglin KC, Tefft DL, Aubin C, de Jager P, Hafler D, Warman ML. Infection-triggered familial or recurrent cases of acute necrotizing encephalopathy caused by mutations in a component of the nuclear pore, RANBP2. Am J Hum Genet. 2009 Jan;84(1):44-51. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2008.12.009. PMID:19118815 doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2008.12.009
  2. Hsiao PW, Lin DL, Nakao R, Chang C. The linkage of Kennedy's neuron disease to ARA24, the first identified androgen receptor polyglutamine region-associated coactivator. J Biol Chem. 1999 Jul 16;274(29):20229-34. PMID:10400640
  3. Moroianu J, Blobel G, Radu A. Nuclear protein import: Ran-GTP dissociates the karyopherin alphabeta heterodimer by displacing alpha from an overlapping binding site on beta. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Jul 9;93(14):7059-62. PMID:8692944
  4. Xia F, Canovas PM, Guadagno TM, Altieri DC. A survivin-ran complex regulates spindle formation in tumor cells. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Sep;28(17):5299-311. Epub 2008 Jun 30. PMID:18591255 doi:10.1128/MCB.02039-07
  5. Sanz-Garcia M, Lopez-Sanchez I, Lazo PA. Proteomics identification of nuclear Ran GTPase as an inhibitor of human VRK1 and VRK2 (vaccinia-related kinase) activities. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2008 Nov;7(11):2199-214. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M700586-MCP200., Epub 2008 Jul 9. PMID:18617507 doi:10.1074/mcp.M700586-MCP200
  6. Hsiao PW, Lin DL, Nakao R, Chang C. The linkage of Kennedy's neuron disease to ARA24, the first identified androgen receptor polyglutamine region-associated coactivator. J Biol Chem. 1999 Jul 16;274(29):20229-34. PMID:10400640
  7. Moroianu J, Blobel G, Radu A. Nuclear protein import: Ran-GTP dissociates the karyopherin alphabeta heterodimer by displacing alpha from an overlapping binding site on beta. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Jul 9;93(14):7059-62. PMID:8692944
  8. Xia F, Canovas PM, Guadagno TM, Altieri DC. A survivin-ran complex regulates spindle formation in tumor cells. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Sep;28(17):5299-311. Epub 2008 Jun 30. PMID:18591255 doi:10.1128/MCB.02039-07
  9. Sanz-Garcia M, Lopez-Sanchez I, Lazo PA. Proteomics identification of nuclear Ran GTPase as an inhibitor of human VRK1 and VRK2 (vaccinia-related kinase) activities. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2008 Nov;7(11):2199-214. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M700586-MCP200., Epub 2008 Jul 9. PMID:18617507 doi:10.1074/mcp.M700586-MCP200
  10. Pichler A, Gast A, Seeler JS, Dejean A, Melchior F. The nucleoporin RanBP2 has SUMO1 E3 ligase activity. Cell. 2002 Jan 11;108(1):109-20. PMID:11792325
  11. Kirsh O, Seeler JS, Pichler A, Gast A, Muller S, Miska E, Mathieu M, Harel-Bellan A, Kouzarides T, Melchior F, Dejean A. The SUMO E3 ligase RanBP2 promotes modification of the HDAC4 deacetylase. EMBO J. 2002 Jun 3;21(11):2682-91. PMID:12032081 doi:10.1093/emboj/21.11.2682
  12. Pichler A, Knipscheer P, Saitoh H, Sixma TK, Melchior F. The RanBP2 SUMO E3 ligase is neither HECT- nor RING-type. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2004 Oct;11(10):984-91. Epub 2004 Sep 19. PMID:15378033 doi:10.1038/nsmb834
  13. Reverter D, Lima CD. Insights into E3 ligase activity revealed by a SUMO-RanGAP1-Ubc9-Nup358 complex. Nature. 2005 Jun 2;435(7042):687-92. PMID:15931224 doi:10.1038/nature03588

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