THE STRUCTURE OF HUMAN CARBONIC ANHYDRASE II IN COMPLEX WITH BROMIDE AND AZIDE
[CAH2_HUMAN] Defects in CA2 are the cause of osteopetrosis autosomal recessive type 3 (OPTB3) [MIM:259730]; also known as osteopetrosis with renal tubular acidosis, carbonic anhydrase II deficiency syndrome, Guibaud-Vainsel syndrome or marble brain disease. Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by abnormally dense bone, due to defective resorption of immature bone. The disorder occurs in two forms: a severe autosomal recessive form occurring in utero, infancy, or childhood, and a benign autosomal dominant form occurring in adolescence or adulthood. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is usually associated with normal or elevated amount of non-functional osteoclasts. OPTB3 is associated with renal tubular acidosis, cerebral calcification (marble brain disease) and in some cases with mental retardation.    
[CAH2_HUMAN] Essential for bone resorption and osteoclast differentiation (By similarity). Reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. Can hydrate cyanamide to urea. Involved in the regulation of fluid secretion into the anterior chamber of the eye. 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The three-dimensional structure of human carbonic anhydrase II complexed with azide and with bromide was investigated crystallographically. Both of these non-protonated inhibitors replace the zinc and the 'deep' water, two catalytically important water molecules in the active site of the molecule. Both the azide and the bromide ions bind in a distorted tetrahedral manner 0.4 and 1.1 A from the zinc water position, respectively, but are in close contact (2.0 and 2.6 A, respectively) with the zinc ion.
The structure of human carbonic anhydrase II in complex with bromide and azide.,Jonsson BM, Hakansson K, Liljas A FEBS Lett. 1993 May 10;322(2):186-90. PMID:8482389
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.