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|1q4n, resolution 2.07Å ()|
|Gene:||AMY1A OR AMY1 (Homo sapiens)|
Structural studies of Phe256Trp of human salivary alpha-amylase: implications for the role of a conserved water molecule and its associated chain in enzyme activity
In the mechanism of hydrolysis of starch by alpha-amylases, a conserved water molecule bridging two catalytic residues has been implicated. In human salivary alpha-amylase (HSAmy), this water (W641), observed in many alpha-amylase structures, is part of a chain of water molecules. To test the hypothesis that W641 may be involved in the mechanism, Phe256 in the close vicinity was mutated to a Trp residue. X-ray structure of F256W complexed to 2-amino-2-(hydroxyethyl)-1,3-propanediol at 2.1A revealed that the water chain is disrupted. In the F256W structure exhibits a positional shift in His305, characteristic of alpha-amylase complex structures. Kinetic analysis, in comparison with HSAmy, revealed that the mutant exhibited a 70-fold decrease in the specific activity for starch and significantly reduced k(cat) (20-fold) and K(m) (4-fold) for maltoheptaoside. Collectively, these results suggest that W641 and the chain of water molecules may be critical for the alpha-amylase activity.
Structural studies of a Phe256Trp mutant of human salivary alpha-amylase: implications for the role of a conserved water molecule in enzyme activity., Ramasubbu N, Sundar K, Ragunath C, Rafi MM, Arch Biochem Biophys. 2004 Jan 1;421(1):115-24. PMID:14678792
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
About this Structure
- Ramasubbu N, Sundar K, Ragunath C, Rafi MM. Structural studies of a Phe256Trp mutant of human salivary alpha-amylase: implications for the role of a conserved water molecule in enzyme activity. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2004 Jan 1;421(1):115-24. PMID:14678792