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|1pin, resolution 1.35Å ()|
|Ligands:||, , ,|
|Gene:||PIN1 (Homo sapiens)|
PIN1 PEPTIDYL-PROLYL CIS-TRANS ISOMERASE FROM HOMO SAPIENS
The human rotamase or peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase Pin1 is a conserved mitotic regulator essential for the G2/M transition of the eukaryotic cell cycle. We report the 1.35 A crystal structure of Pin1 complexed with an AlaPro dipeptide and the initial characterization of Pin1's functional properties. The crystallographic structure as well as pH titration studies and mutagenesis of an active site cysteine suggest a catalytic mechanism that includes general acid-base and covalent catalysis during peptide bond isomerization. Pin1 displays a preference for an acidic residue N-terminal to the isomerized proline bond due to interaction of this acidic side chain with a basic cluster. This raises the possibility of phosphorylation-mediated control of Pin1-substrate interactions in cell cycle regulation.
Structural and functional analysis of the mitotic rotamase Pin1 suggests substrate recognition is phosphorylation dependent., Ranganathan R, Lu KP, Hunter T, Noel JP, Cell. 1997 Jun 13;89(6):875-86. PMID:9200606
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
[PIN1_HUMAN] Essential PPIase that regulates mitosis presumably by interacting with NIMA and attenuating its mitosis-promoting activity. Displays a preference for an acidic residue N-terminal to the isomerized proline bond. Catalyzes pSer/Thr-Pro cis/trans isomerizations. Down-regulates kinase activity of BTK. Can transactivate multiple oncogenes and induce centrosome amplification, chromosome instability and cell transformation. Required for the efficient dephosphorylation and recycling of RAF1 after mitogen activation.  
About this Structure
- Ranganathan R, Lu KP, Hunter T, Noel JP. Structural and functional analysis of the mitotic rotamase Pin1 suggests substrate recognition is phosphorylation dependent. Cell. 1997 Jun 13;89(6):875-86. PMID:9200606
- Richardson JS, Richardson DC. Natural beta-sheet proteins use negative design to avoid edge-to-edge aggregation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Mar 5;99(5):2754-9. PMID:11880627 doi:10.1073/pnas.052706099
- ↑ Dougherty MK, Muller J, Ritt DA, Zhou M, Zhou XZ, Copeland TD, Conrads TP, Veenstra TD, Lu KP, Morrison DK. Regulation of Raf-1 by direct feedback phosphorylation. Mol Cell. 2005 Jan 21;17(2):215-24. PMID:15664191 doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2004.11.055
- ↑ Yu L, Mohamed AJ, Vargas L, Berglof A, Finn G, Lu KP, Smith CI. Regulation of Bruton tyrosine kinase by the peptidylprolyl isomerase Pin1. J Biol Chem. 2006 Jun 30;281(26):18201-7. Epub 2006 Apr 27. PMID:16644721 doi:10.1074/jbc.M603090200
- ↑ Lee TH, Chen CH, Suizu F, Huang P, Schiene-Fischer C, Daum S, Zhang YJ, Goate A, Chen RH, Zhou XZ, Lu KP. Death-associated protein kinase 1 phosphorylates Pin1 and inhibits its prolyl isomerase activity and cellular function. Mol Cell. 2011 Apr 22;42(2):147-59. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2011.03.005. Epub 2011 , Apr 14. PMID:21497122 doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2011.03.005