Crystal Structure of human calcineurin complexed with cyclosporin A and human cyclophilin
[PP2BA_HUMAN] Calcium-dependent, calmodulin-stimulated protein phosphatase. This subunit may have a role in the calmodulin activation of calcineurin. Dephosphorylates DNM1L, HSPB1 and SSH1.  [PPIA_HUMAN] PPIases accelerate the folding of proteins. It catalyzes the cis-trans isomerization of proline imidic peptide bonds in oligopeptides. [CANB1_HUMAN] Regulatory subunit of calcineurin, a calcium-dependent, calmodulin stimulated protein phosphatase. Confers calcium sensitivity.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Calcineurin (Cn), a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent Ser/Thr protein phosphatase, is an important participant in signaling pathways that activate T cells. It is the target of the immunosuppressive drugs cyclosporin A (CsA) and FK506. These drugs bind proteins known as cyclophilin (Cyp) and FK506-binding protein, respectively, and the drug-protein complexes in turn inhibit Cn. We report the crystal structure of a Cyp/CsA/Cn ternary complex, determined to a resolution of 3.1 A. Residues 3-9 of CsA, particularly N-methyl leucines 4 and 6, and Trp-121 of Cyp form a composite surface for interaction with Cn. The hydrophobic interface buries two hydrogen bonds. The structure accounts clearly for the effects of mutations in Cn on CsA-resistance and for the way modifications of CsA alter immunosuppressive activity.
Crystal structure of human calcineurin complexed with cyclosporin A and human cyclophilin.,Jin L, Harrison SC Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Oct 15;99(21):13522-6. Epub 2002 Sep 30. PMID:12357034
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.