|1mf8, resolution 3.10Å ()|
|Non-Standard Residues:||, , , , ,|
|Related:||1aui, 1bck, 1c5f, 1csa, 1cwa, 1cwb, 1cwc, 1cwf, 1cwh, 1cwi, 1cwj, 1cwk, 1cwl, 1cwm, 1cwo, 1cya, 1cyb, 1cyn, 1ikf, 1m63, 1mik, 1qng, 1qnh, 1xq7, 2esl, 2oju, 2poy, 2rma, 2rmb, 2rmc, 2wfj, 2x2c, 2x7k, 2z6w, 3bo7, 3cys, 3eov|
Crystal Structure of human calcineurin complexed with cyclosporin A and human cyclophilin
Calcineurin (Cn), a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent Ser/Thr protein phosphatase, is an important participant in signaling pathways that activate T cells. It is the target of the immunosuppressive drugs cyclosporin A (CsA) and FK506. These drugs bind proteins known as cyclophilin (Cyp) and FK506-binding protein, respectively, and the drug-protein complexes in turn inhibit Cn. We report the crystal structure of a Cyp/CsA/Cn ternary complex, determined to a resolution of 3.1 A. Residues 3-9 of CsA, particularly N-methyl leucines 4 and 6, and Trp-121 of Cyp form a composite surface for interaction with Cn. The hydrophobic interface buries two hydrogen bonds. The structure accounts clearly for the effects of mutations in Cn on CsA-resistance and for the way modifications of CsA alter immunosuppressive activity.
Crystal structure of human calcineurin complexed with cyclosporin A and human cyclophilin., Jin L, Harrison SC, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Oct 15;99(21):13522-6. Epub 2002 Sep 30. PMID:12357034
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.