INFLUENZA A SUBTYPE N2 NEURAMINIDASE COMPLEXED WITH AROMATIC BANA109 INHIBITOR
[NRAM_I67A0] Catalyzes the removal of terminal sialic acid residues from viral and cellular glycoconjugates. Cleaves off the terminal sialic acids on the glycosylated HA during virus budding to facilitate virus release. Additionally helps virus spread through the circulation by further removing sialic acids from the cell surface. These cleavages prevent self-aggregation and ensure the efficient spread of the progeny virus from cell to cell. Otherwise, infection would be limited to one round of replication. Described as a receptor-destroying enzyme because it cleaves a terminal sialic acid from the cellular receptors. May facilitate viral invasion of the upper airways by cleaving the sialic acid moities on the mucin of the airway epithelial cells. Likely to plays a role in the budding process through its association with lipid rafts during intracellular transport. May additionally display a raft-association independent effect on budding. Plays a role in the determination of host range restriction on replication and virulence. Sialidase activity in late endosome/lysosome traffic seems to enhance virus replication.
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Influenza virus sialidase is a surface enzyme that is essential for infection of the virus. The catalytic site is highly conserved among all known influenza variants, suggesting that this protein is a suitable target for drug intervention. The most potent known inhibitors are analogs of 2-deoxy-2,3-didehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac2en), particularly the 4-guanidino derivative (4-guanidino-Neu5Ac2en). We utilized the benzene ring of 4-(N-acetylamino)benzoic acids as a cyclic template to substitute for the dihydropyran ring of Neu5Ac2en. In this study several 3-(N-acylamino) derivatives were prepared as potential replacements for the glycerol side chain of Neu5Ac2en, and some were found to interact with the same binding subsite of sialidase. Of greater significance was the observation that the 3-guanidinobenzoic acid derivative (equivalent to the 4-guanidino grouping of 4-guanidino-Neu5Ac2en), the most potent benzoic acid inhibitor of influenza sialidase thus far identified (IC50 = 10 microM), occupied the glycerol-binding subsite on sialidase as opposed to the guanidino-binding subsite. This benzoic acid derivative thus provides a new compound that interacts in a novel manner with the catalytic site of influenza sialidase.
Structure-based inhibitors of influenza virus sialidase. A benzoic acid lead with novel interaction.,Singh S, Jedrzejas MJ, Air GM, Luo M, Laver WG, Brouillette WJ J Med Chem. 1995 Aug 18;38(17):3217-25. PMID:7650674
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.