HOW POTASSIUM AFFECTS THE ACTIVITY OF THE MOLECULAR CHAPERONE HSC70. II. POTASSIUM BINDS SPECIFICALLY IN THE ATPASE ACTIVE SITE
[HSP7C_BOVIN] Acts as a repressor of transcriptional activation. Inhibits the transcriptional coactivator activity of CITED1 on Smad-mediated transcription. Chaperone. Component of the PRP19-CDC5L complex that forms an integral part of the spliceosome and is required for activating pre-mRNA splicing. May have a scaffolding role in the spliceosome assembly as it contacts all other components of the core complex (By similarity).
Publication Abstract from PubMed
Crystallographic anomalous scattering from potassium at 1.7 A resolution reveals two monovalent ions that interact with MgADP and P(i) in the nucleotide binding cleft of wild-type recombinant bovine Hsc70 ATPase fragment. K+ at site 1 interacts with oxygens of the beta-phosphate of ADP, whereas K+ at site 2 interacts with an oxygen of P(i). Both K+ ions also interact with specific H2O molecules in the first hydration shell of the octahedrally coordinated Mg2+ ion and with specific protein ligands. In crystals that have Na+ present, K+ is replaced by a Na+ ion at site 1 and by a Na(+)-H2O pair at site 2. The K+ ions are positioned where they could stabilize binding of a beta,gamma-bidentate MgATP complex with Hsc70, as well as a transition state during ATP hydrolysis, suggesting that monovalent ions act as specific metal cofactors in the ATPase reaction of Hsc70.
How potassium affects the activity of the molecular chaperone Hsc70. II. Potassium binds specifically in the ATPase active site.,Wilbanks SM, McKay DB J Biol Chem. 1995 Feb 3;270(5):2251-7. PMID:7836458
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