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1e79

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1e79, resolution 2.40Å ()
Ligands: , , , , ,
Activity: H(+)-transporting two-sector ATPase, with EC number 3.6.3.14
Related: 1bmf, 1cow, 1e1q, 1e1r, 1efr, 1nbm, 1qo1


Resources: FirstGlance, OCA, RCSB, PDBsum
Coordinates: save as pdb, mmCIF, xml


Contents

Bovine F1-ATPase inhibited by DCCD (dicyclohexylcarbodiimide)

Publication Abstract from PubMed

The central stalk in ATP synthase, made of gamma, delta and epsilon subunits in the mitochondrial enzyme, is the key rotary element in the enzyme's catalytic mechanism. The gamma subunit penetrates the catalytic (alpha beta)(3) domain and protrudes beneath it, interacting with a ring of c subunits in the membrane that drives rotation of the stalk during ATP synthesis. In other crystals of F(1)-ATPase, the protrusion was disordered, but with crystals of F(1)-ATPase inhibited with dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, the complete structure was revealed. The delta and epsilon subunits interact with a Rossmann fold in the gamma subunit, forming a foot. In ATP synthase, this foot interacts with the c-ring and couples the transmembrane proton motive force to catalysis in the (alpha beta)(3) domain.

The structure of the central stalk in bovine F(1)-ATPase at 2.4 A resolution., Gibbons C, Montgomery MG, Leslie AG, Walker JE, Nat Struct Biol. 2000 Nov;7(11):1055-61. PMID:11062563

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Function

[ATPD_BOVIN] Mitochondrial membrane ATP synthase (F(1)F(0) ATP synthase or Complex V) produces ATP from ADP in the presence of a proton gradient across the membrane which is generated by electron transport complexes of the respiratory chain. F-type ATPases consist of two structural domains, F(1) - containing the extramembraneous catalytic core, and F(0) - containing the membrane proton channel, linked together by a central stalk and a peripheral stalk. During catalysis, ATP turnover in the catalytic domain of F(1) is coupled via a rotary mechanism of the central stalk subunits to proton translocation. Part of the complex F(1) domain and of the central stalk which is part of the complex rotary element. Rotation of the central stalk against the surrounding alpha(3)beta(3) subunits leads to hydrolysis of ATP in three separate catalytic sites on the beta subunits. [ATPA_BOVIN] Mitochondrial membrane ATP synthase (F(1)F(0) ATP synthase or Complex V) produces ATP from ADP in the presence of a proton gradient across the membrane which is generated by electron transport complexes of the respiratory chain. F-type ATPases consist of two structural domains, F(1) - containing the extramembraneous catalytic core, and F(0) - containing the membrane proton channel, linked together by a central stalk and a peripheral stalk. During catalysis, ATP synthesis in the catalytic domain of F(1) is coupled via a rotary mechanism of the central stalk subunits to proton translocation. Subunits alpha and beta form the catalytic core in F(1). Rotation of the central stalk against the surrounding alpha(3)beta(3) subunits leads to hydrolysis of ATP in three separate catalytic sites on the beta subunits. Subunit alpha does not bear the catalytic high-affinity ATP-binding sites (By similarity). [ATPG_BOVIN] Mitochondrial membrane ATP synthase (F(1)F(0) ATP synthase or Complex V) produces ATP from ADP in the presence of a proton gradient across the membrane which is generated by electron transport complexes of the respiratory chain. F-type ATPases consist of two structural domains, F(1) - containing the extramembraneous catalytic core, and F(0) - containing the membrane proton channel, linked together by a central stalk and a peripheral stalk. During catalysis, ATP synthesis in the catalytic domain of F(1) is coupled via a rotary mechanism of the central stalk subunits to proton translocation. Part of the complex F(1) domain and the central stalk which is part of the complex rotary element. The gamma subunit protrudes into the catalytic domain formed of alpha(3)beta(3). Rotation of the central stalk against the surrounding alpha(3)beta(3) subunits leads to hydrolysis of ATP in three separate catalytic sites on the beta subunits. [ATPB_BOVIN] Mitochondrial membrane ATP synthase (F(1)F(0) ATP synthase or Complex V) produces ATP from ADP in the presence of a proton gradient across the membrane which is generated by electron transport complexes of the respiratory chain. F-type ATPases consist of two structural domains, F(1) - containing the extramembraneous catalytic core, and F(0) - containing the membrane proton channel, linked together by a central stalk and a peripheral stalk. During catalysis, ATP synthesis in the catalytic domain of F(1) is coupled via a rotary mechanism of the central stalk subunits to proton translocation. Subunits alpha and beta form the catalytic core in F(1). Rotation of the central stalk against the surrounding alpha(3)beta(3) subunits leads to hydrolysis of ATP in three separate catalytic sites on the beta subunits. [ATP5E_BOVIN] Mitochondrial membrane ATP synthase (F(1)F(0) ATP synthase or Complex V) produces ATP from ADP in the presence of a proton gradient across the membrane which is generated by electron transport complexes of the respiratory chain. F-type ATPases consist of two structural domains, F(1) - containing the extramembraneous catalytic core, and F(0) - containing the membrane proton channel, linked together by a central stalk and a peripheral stalk. During catalysis, ATP synthesis in the catalytic domain of F(1) is coupled via a rotary mechanism of the central stalk subunits to proton translocation. Part of the complex F(1) domain and of the central stalk which is part of the complex rotary element. Rotation of the central stalk against the surrounding alpha(3)beta(3) subunits leads to hydrolysis of ATP in three separate catalytic sites on the beta subunits.

About this Structure

1e79 is a 9 chain structure with sequence from Bos taurus. The December 2005 RCSB PDB Molecule of the Month feature on ATP Synthase by David S. Goodsell is 10.2210/rcsb_pdb/mom_2005_12. Full crystallographic information is available from OCA.

See Also

Reference

  • Gibbons C, Montgomery MG, Leslie AG, Walker JE. The structure of the central stalk in bovine F(1)-ATPase at 2.4 A resolution. Nat Struct Biol. 2000 Nov;7(11):1055-61. PMID:11062563 doi:10.1038/80981

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