WILD-TYPE AND E106Q MUTANT CARBONIC ANHYDRASE COMPLEXED WITH ACETATE
[CAH2_HUMAN] Defects in CA2 are the cause of osteopetrosis autosomal recessive type 3 (OPTB3) [MIM:259730]; also known as osteopetrosis with renal tubular acidosis, carbonic anhydrase II deficiency syndrome, Guibaud-Vainsel syndrome or marble brain disease. Osteopetrosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by abnormally dense bone, due to defective resorption of immature bone. The disorder occurs in two forms: a severe autosomal recessive form occurring in utero, infancy, or childhood, and a benign autosomal dominant form occurring in adolescence or adulthood. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis is usually associated with normal or elevated amount of non-functional osteoclasts. OPTB3 is associated with renal tubular acidosis, cerebral calcification (marble brain disease) and in some cases with mental retardation.    
[CAH2_HUMAN] Essential for bone resorption and osteoclast differentiation (By similarity). Reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. Can hydrate cyanamide to urea. Involved in the regulation of fluid secretion into the anterior chamber of the eye. 
Publication Abstract from PubMed
The molecular structures of the acetate complexes of wild-type human carbonic anhydrase II (HCAII) and of E106Q mutant human carbonic anhydrase II were solved with high completeness (89-91%) to 2.1 and 1.9 A resolution, respectively. Both wild-type and mutant enzyme crystallize in space group P2(1) with cell dimensions a = 42.7, b = 41.7, c = 73.0 A and beta = 104.6 degrees. The altered active-site hydrogen-bond network caused by the mutation results in a different binding of the inhibitor in the two complexes. In the mutant, but not in the wild-type complex, a carboxylate O atom is within hydrogen-bond distance of Thr199 Ogamma1. In the wild-type enzyme ligand hydrogen bonding to this atom is normally only found for hydrogen-bond donors. The importance of this discrimination on catalysis by the enzyme is discussed briefly.
Wild-type and E106Q mutant carbonic anhydrase complexed with acetate.,Hakansson K, Briand C, Zaitsev V, Xue Y, Liljas A Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 1994 Jan 1;50(Pt 1):101-4. PMID:15299482
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.